Sacroiliac Joint (SIJ) Dysfunction Treatment

Our highly trained physiotherapists are experienced in the treatment of Sacroiliac Joint (SIJ) Dysfunction. SIJ causes dysfunction of the joints at the bottom of the spine that connect the sacrum to the pelvis.

At Vitalis Physiotherapy, our treatment helps to:

What is Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SIJ)?

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SIJ) is simply the joint between your sacrum and pelvis not moving correctly. The joint is fairly flat with some irregular bumps to help hold it in place. The sacral ligaments, facia and surrounding muscles help to make it a strong joint.

There are five ways in which the SIJ can be dysfunctional:

  • Hypomobile – don’t move enough or be stuck in a position
  • Hypermobile – don’t have enough stability to keep it in a good position
  • Upslip – where one side of the pelvis moves relatively upward compared to the other side, often after a fall
  • Posterior Rotation – where one side to pelvis rotates backward compared to the other side, often from a fall or prolonged positions which pull the pelvis
  • Anterior Rotation – where one side of the pelvis is rotated forward compared to the other side, often from a fall or heavy lifting

It may be difficult to tell whether the pain is coming from your low back or your SIJ due to similar symptoms as low back pain. Today it is estimated that the sacroiliac joint is responsible for 15% to 30% of lower back pain cases.

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What causes SIJ Dysfunction?

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction occurs when the joints don’t function or move regularly. This incorrect manoeuvring can lead to inflammation of the area and cause pain in the lower body. This can be anything from:

  • Falls onto your hips or buttocks
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Heavy lifting
  • Pregnancy
  • Hyper-mobility
  • Arthritis
  • Sports

Sometimes, previous lumbar spine surgeries or a leg length discrepancy can leave you susceptible to developing SIJ dysfunction.

Symptoms of SIJ Dysfunction

  • Lower back pain
  • Pain that spreads across the hips, buttock or groin
  • Deep pain which is difficult to specifically determine its origin
  • Sciatic-like pain down the back of the leg
  • Reduced range of motion in the lower back and hips
  • Worsening pain with loading, such as stairs, running or putting weight on one side
  • Clicking or stiffness in the SIJ when changing posture
  • Increased pain with prolonged standing or striding out
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Treatment

Treatment for SIJ Dysfunction

Treatment begins with a differential diagnosis, meaning that we need to work out where the pain is actually coming from. Is it your low back, hips or SIJ, or a bit of everything?

At Vitalis Physiotherapy, our experienced physiotherapists specialise in treating SIJ Dysfunction and understand how to discover your root cause and address and treat it with a customised program. This can be done through:

Physiotherapy treatment is the most beneficial. Anti-inflammatory medication, rest and heat packs may help some of the symptoms.

What you can do to help

Your pelvis likes symmetry.  Here are some simple things that you can do to reduce the stress on your SIJ:

  • Stop crossing your legs
  • Don’t walk like a model – pushing out of the hip like that will increase load to your pelvis
  • Sleep with a pillow between your knees when on your side
  • Keep hips even when standing, even weight through your feet
  • Avoid stairs where you can
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How to book an appointment?

All you need to do is just give us a call on 0410 559 856 and request an initial appointment. Please let our friendly reception staff know the background and severity of your condition.

You can visit our FAQs for more information about appointments at Vitalis Physiotherapy.

Need Help?

Are you suffering from painful sacroilic joint (SIJ) syndrome? Contact Vitalis Physiotherapy now to book in your treatment.

Call our friendly team on 0410 559 856. We’d love to help.

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Sinnamon Park Village

3/58 Oldfield Road, Sinnamon Park Qld 4073

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